Odor minimum, fast soaking in, deep penetration
Products marked with this label contain water as a thinner. All substances being parts of such a product are dispersed in form of tiny particles in water. The particles are so tiny that they do not gravitate to the bottom but instead form a stable dispersion like milk, which consists of fat balls emulsified in water. Additionally the particles are stabilized by protective natural surface-active substances (SAS), namely by vegetable wetting agents and sugars derivatives.
Emulsifier molecules cover all the surface of the binding substance micro-particles and do not let them agglomerate making the emulsion stable. Due to it, the binding substance particles are distributed in water uniformly and form a homogeneous stable emulsion (dispersion)
As for products belonging to this set, due to an excellent wood wetability by water, a not high viscosity and a very small size of drops, they penetrate effectively into a wooden surface and form quality cover even in a case of applying by traditional ways (with aid of a brush, a roller, a spraying gun); also as a rule they do not require polishing. Exclusions are carnauba palm wax Carnauba wax, high gloss No.1090, which requires polishing after drying up of the concentrated compound for gloss producing (in a case of this compound applying in a very diluted form, polishing is not required).
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Wood cells are hollow; their walls consist of cellulose and are glued together with the natural binding substance, which is lignin.
Water-based products penetrate into wood much faster and deeper than solvents-based products or 100% dry products as the cellulose, of which the wood cells consist; they soak in water effectively (a spectacular example makes water soaking in by a common paper). Besides of their environmental friendliness, a great advantage of water-based compounds is represented by their fast soaking in, which allows cutting the treatment time and improving the wood protection.
Wood immediately after water-dispersed compound applyingWood immediately after water-dispersed compound applying. Due to the good wetability of the cellulose by water, after applying, an emulsion of a water-dispersed compound penetrates easily into wood cells cavities remaining partially on the wood surface.
Water has evaporated partially. The particles of the binding substance have sedimented on the wood cells walls and started to agglomerate.
Water has evaporated completely; the compound has dried up. The particles of the binding substance have merged together completely and formed a monolithic cover on the wood cells walls.
As it is seen in the picture, while a water-based compound drying up, the water evaporates and the compound particles merge together forming the cover, which is already impossible to be washed away with water. Further, after drying up, during several days or weeks, polymerization takes place of oils from among a cover composition as well as forming of mechanical strength characteristics of the cover.
A characteristic feature of the water-based compounds is the fact that they almost not tone wood at all (in their non-pigmented form). Meanwhile the solvent-based compounds add a strawy tincture to wood, which can get stronger with time.